Vitamin B12 Deficiency Among Diabetics
Most people, whether they are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes or not, have a mistaken understanding with nutritional supplements. Though you might think that you are already eating a healthy and balanced diet, a harsh truth is that only a few come close to eating a true healthy balanced diet. The type of lifestyle people live in contributes to the decreasing quality of the food we eat. Nowadays, most people eat out everyday in fast foods and in most restaurants that also serve processed foods. These type of foods lack in nutrients needed by the body.
Another misconception is the idea that supplements are really not that beneficial and are only a waste of money. Although it is actually true that both vitamins B and C are not meant to be stored by the body and are water soluble, they need to be replaced everyday as they help saturate the metabolic system. Even if excess vitamins from supplements end up in your urine, these vitamins still benefit your body just like prescription medicines.
One of the water soluble vitamins available is vitamin B12 which provides the following benefits:
- Effective metabolism of protein, carbohydrates, and fat
- Improve the function of iron in the body
- Proper maintenance of a healthy central nervous system
- Healthy folate activity and calcium absorption
- Increase in energy
- Healthy formation and regeneration of red blood cells.
Vitamin B12 can be obtained through the following:
- Through the consumption of tuna, salmon, chicken, milk, and eggs
- Vegan burger patties fortified with Vitamin B12
A certain study, which involved 46 individuals diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes and taking either Metformin or Phenformin or both, showed that thirty percent of the said 46 people had vitamin B12 malabsorption. This meant that their bodies had difficulties in absorbing the vitamin, which resulted to the deficiency that continued even when the intake of medications already halted.
Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency include the following:
- arms and legs are weak and sore
- sensory perception and reflexes become slow
- stammering and nervousness
- difficulty in jerking limbs and walking
- inflammation of the nerves
- memory loss and mental slowness
- mood disorders
- unpleasant body odor
Your health care provider can easily monitor your vitamin B12 levels through a blood test. Once found deficient, they can administer vitamin B12 injections under the tongue or through using a patch that can deliver the vitamin to the body. Vitamin B12 is also available in most multivitamin supplements.
Vitamin B2 also helps through decreasing the risk of acquiring cardiovascular disease along with vitamin B6. It is also beneficial for the prevention of diabetic neuropathy, which affects healthy nerve function. Vitamin B12 also aids Type 2 Diabetics that are regularly taking Metformin.